Lack of self-sufficiency[ edit ] Due to traditional agricultural practices, low productivity, and a growing population, often food grains were imported — draining scarce foreign reserves. In particular, the poorest villagers, mainly living in female-headed households, have gained least from the green revolution.
Further, heavy dependence on few major crops has led to loss of biodiversity of farmers. The article concludes that in addition to the development of irrigation infrastructure, state intervention is necessary to support the livelihoods of the very poor if levels of poverty are to be reduced.
Such ecological impacts are motivating farmers to reduce fertiliser and pesticides use. They took loans from zamindarswho charged high rates of interests and also exploited the farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans farm labourers.
Work at Pusa Institute". Indian environmentalist Vandana Shiva writes that this is the "second Green Revolution". Retrieved 11 June Since, the HYV seeds technically can be applied only in land with assured water supply and availability of other inputs like chemicals, fertilizers etc.
Library of Congress is Country Studies.
Hence, the need was felt to encourage the farmers to increase their production and offer a greater portion of their products for sale in the market.
The rampant irrigation practices have led to eventually soil degradation. In reality, they need to still pay for expensive pesticides and irrigation systems, which might lead to increased borrowing to finance the change from traditional seed varieties.
The paper discusses major physical, hydrological, chemical and biological constraints relating to soil and water resources for ecosystem sustainability.
The poor have gained some absolute benefits, mainly through extra employment, but these appear quite marginal when compared to the increased revenue flows to their richer neighbours.
Criticisms[ edit ] Indian Economic Sovereignty[ edit ] Criticism of the effects of the green revolution include the cost for many small farmers using HYV seeds, with their associated demands of increased irrigation systems and pesticides.
These problems were aggravated due to absence of training to use modern technology and vast illiteracy leading to excessive use of chemicals. The first Green Revolution, she suggests, was mostly publicly funded by the Indian Government.
Groundwater practices have fallen dramatically.
Archived PDF from the original on 8 July Understanding India’s Green Revolution: A Case Study for Contemporary Agrarian Reform Nicholas James Tucker December Senior thesis submitted in partial fulfillment. Green Revolution in India: A Case Study Article 1: Why Green Revolution?
Environmental consequences of agricultural development: a case study from the Green Revolution state of Haryana, India Author links open overlay panel R.B Singh Show more. Request PDF on ResearchGate | The Green Revolution in India: A Case Study of Technological Change | The term "Green Revolution" is generally taken to mean the increase in cereal productivity.
This article analyses the green revolution from the perspective of the development and use of irrigation facilities between and in one village in West Bengal, India.
Apr 02, · Green Revolution - the introduction of changes in farming in India since the s, using new technologies to increase farming output HYVs - New 'High Yielding Varities' of .Download