The fleet moved to Sicily and, leaving Messinareached after several stops the port of Viscardo in Cephaloniawhere news arrived of the fall of Famagusta and of the torture inflicted by the Turks on the Venetian commander of the fortress, Marco Antonio Bragadin.
The banner of the Holy League was hoisted on the captured ship, breaking the morale of the Turkish galleys nearby. This fleet of the Christian alliance was manned by 40, sailors and oarsmen.
One of the Venetian Galleasses at Lepanto drawing, after a s painting. The Turks had skilled and experienced crews of sailors but were significantly deficient in their elite corps of Janissaries. Serious conflict had broken out between Venetian and Spanish soldiers, and Venier enraged Don Juan by hanging a Spanish soldier for impudence.
The coats of arms are linked by chains symbolizing the alliance. When the Real was nearly taken, Colonna came alongside with the bow of his galley and mounted a counter-attack.
He would explain his conduct after the battle by saying that he was trying to prevent an enveloping maneuver by the Turkish left. Even after the battle had clearly turned against the Turks, groups of janissaries kept fighting to the last.
Two galleasses, which had side-mounted cannon, were positioned in front of each main division for the purpose, according to Miguel de Cervantes who served on the galley Marquesa during the battleof preventing the Turks from sneaking in small boats and sapping, sabotaging or boarding the Christian vessels.
The Christian galley slaves freed from the Turkish ships were supplied with arms and joined in the fighting, turning the battle in favour of the Christian side. It is said that at some point the Janissaries ran out of weapons and started throwing oranges and lemons at their Christian adversaries, leading to awkward scenes of laughter among the general misery of battle.
Deployment and order of battle[ edit ] See Battle of Lepanto order of battle for a detailed list of ships and commanders involved in the battle.
Isolated fighting continued until the evening. Around ten thousand Turks were taken prisoner, and many thousands of Christian slaves were rescued. With the help of Colonna, the Turks were pushed off the Real and the Turkish flagship was boarded and swept.
Ali Pasha is supposed to have told his Christian galley slaves, "If I win the battle, I promise you your liberty. In addition, it carried approximately 20,   fighting troops: He travelled through his fleet in a swift sailing vessel, exhorting his officers and men to do their utmost.
After two hours of fighting, the Turks were beaten left and center, although fighting continued for another two hours. There, in the Basilica of Santa Chiarait was solemnly consigned to John of Austriawho had been named leader of the coalition after long discussions among the allies. The Christian side suffered around 7, deaths, the Turkish side about 30, The Ottoman fleet had an express order from the Sultan to fight, and John of Austria found it necessary to attack in order to maintain the integrity of the expedition in the face of personal and political disagreements within the Holy League.
The Sacrament was administered to all, the galley slaves were freed from their chains, and the standard of the Holy League was raised to the truck of the flagship. The number of oarsmen was about 37, virtually all of them slaves,  many of them Christians who had been captured in previous conquests and engagements.Battle of Lepanto - The Fleets Clash: Flying his flag from Sultana, Ali Pasha led the Ottoman center, with Chulouk Bey on the right and Uluj Ali on the left.
As the battle opened, the Holy League's gallasses sank two galleys and disrupted the Ottoman formations with their fire. The Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement that took place on 7 October where a fleet of the Holy League, led by the Venetian Republic and the Spanish Empire, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras.
Battle of Lepanto in Phillip sent a fleet of ships to reconquer the city of Tunis (in present day Tunisia) and succeeded.
However, the Ottomans rebuilt their fleet and in recaptured Tunis with a force of galleys and a siege, which lasted 40 days. Ã Â· Lepanto was said to be the most spectacular navel battle of the 16th century and indeed a permanent mark on military history.
In the history of armed conflict at sea, there is no battle better known and less understood than Lepanto. Ã Â· Lepanto to a large extent was a clash of the civilisations/5(6). The defeat of the Ottomans by the Holy League fleet at the Battle of Lepanto () was among the most celebrated international events of the sixteenth century.
This volume anthologizes the work of twenty-two poets from diverse social and geographical backgrounds who composed Latin poetry, often.
Lepanto, The Battle that Saved Europe In this article H. W. Crocker III provides an excellent overview of the clash between the Islamic Ottoman Empire, the European Habsburg Empire, and the.Download